Nederlands Platform voor Farmaceutisch Onderzoek

Het Nederlands Platform voor Farmaceutisch Onderzoek (NPFO) presenteert onderzoek in de farmaceutische wetenschappen. De nadruk ligt op klinische toepassing zoals medicatieveiligheid, patiëntenzorg, formulering, analyse, farmacologie en casuïstiek.

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28 aug 2019

Kunnen tabletten op een betrouwbare manier handmatig worden gehalveerd?

  • Rubriek:
    Oorspronkelijk artikel
  • Identificatie:
    2019;4:a1712
  • Auteur(s):
    Froucke van Gosliga a, Lisa Burgler b, Maartje Heijnen b, Theo Last b, Erik van Zanten c* en Jan Peter Yska d

Kunnen tabletten op een betrouwbare manier handmatig worden gehalveerd?

Can tablets be split in half manually in a reliable manner?

BACKGROUND

Since 2017 the Dutch Health and Youth Care Inspectorate does not allow compounding pharmacies to produce tablets with half dosage strength when the same dosage can also be reached by splitting a marketed tablet – with scoring meant for dividing the tablet into two equal parts – in half.

OBJECTIVE

To determine whether it is possible to manually split tablets in half using a reliable and validated method.

DESIGN and METHODS

In this exploratory study six different tablets were manually split in half and tests for loss of mass and loss of uniformity were performed. The influence of different tablet characteristics on the splitting process was assessed.

RESULTS

All six tablets met the requirements of the test for loss of mass (< 3%). Two of the six tablets met the requirements of the European Pharmacopoeia test for loss of uniformity. Type of scoring and the thickness of the tablet seem to be factors influencing the process of tablet splitting.

CONCLUSION

Tablet splitting by hand in the pharmacy is not feasible because for most tablets it will not be possible to develop a reliable and validated method. It will also be difficult to comply with legislation with regards to working conditions. The possibility of mechanical splitting of tablets should be studied and other alternatives should be considered.

20 aug 2019

Het effect van een Kwetsbare Ouderen Team op geneesmiddelgerelateerde problemen na ontslag uit het ziekenhuis

  • Rubriek:
    Korte bijdrage
  • Identificatie:
    2019;4:a1701
  • Auteur(s):
    G.H.M. Ponjee a*, H.W.P.C. van de Meerendonk b, M.J.A. Janssen c en F. Karapinar-Çarkit d

Het effect van een Kwetsbare Ouderen Team op geneesmiddelgerelateerde problemen na ontslag uit het ziekenhuis

The effect of a Geriatric Stewardship on drug-related problems after hospital discharge

OBJECTIVE

To assess the effect of a Geriatric Stewardship on drug-related problems (DRPs) reported by patients after discharge.

DESIGN

An implementation study (pre-post design).

METHODS

Hospitalized patients aged ≥ 65 years with polypharmacy and a risk factor for frailty were included from February 2017 until August 2018. The pre-group received usual care (control: no medication review). The post-group received the Geriatric Stewardship intervention. This consisted of an extended medication review based on a (1) review of the medication list and clinical records to draft initial recommendations, (2) consultation with the general practitioner and community pharmacist to discuss the hospital based recommendations, (3) patient interview to assess patient needs, and (4) multidisciplinary evaluation of all the previous steps by a hospital pharmacist and a geriatrician to draft final recommendations.

Two weeks post-discharge, patient-reported DRPs were assessed by telephone using a validated questionnaire. DRPs were classified into: drug-related complaints, practical problems, and questions about medication. The primary outcome was the number and type of DRPs per patient.. Secondary, in the intervention group the number of initial recommendations that were altered after consultations with PCPs and patient interviews was assessed. A poisson regression was used to compare the groups on the primary outcome.

RESULTS

In total, 127 patients were analyzed (control: 74, intervention: 53). Intervention patients reported fewer DRPs compared to control, 2.8 versus 3.3 per patient (RRadjusted = 0.83, 95% CI = 0.66-1.05). The difference was due to a halving in drug-related complaints (P < 0.05). Nearly 30% of the initial recommendations based on the patient’s medication list and clinical records were discarded or modified after consultations with primary care providers and patient interviews.

CONCLUSION

The implementation of a Geriatric Stewardship tends to reduce DRPs after discharge, which provides a good indication for further research. One in three initial medication review recommendations were altered due to PCPs and patient input. This shows that medication reviews should not be based on clinical records only. Patient participation and consultations with primary care providers contributes to a medication review that is tailored to the patient’s individual preferences and medical history.

15 aug 2019

Effect van beslissingsondersteuning op het verminderen van interacterende medicatiecombinaties op de intensive care

  • Rubriek:
    Korte bijdrage
  • Identificatie:
    2019;4:a1703
  • Auteur(s):
    M.S. Ongering a*, T. Bakker b, D.A. Dongelmans c, N.F. de Keizer b, A. Abu-Hanna b en J.E. Klopotowska b

Effect van beslissingsondersteuning op het verminderen van interacterende medicatiecombinaties op de intensive care

Effect of a clinical decision support system on reducing drug-drug interactions in the intensive care unit

BACKGROUND

Patients in the intensive care unit (ICU) are at a higher risk of medication-related harm due to potential drug-drug interactions (DDIs). This increased risk is related to the high number of drugs administered. Clinical decision support systems (CDSSs) have the potential to reduce potential DDIs (pDDIs) and improve medication safety.

OBJECTIVE

To evaluate the effect of a CDSS on the incidence of serious pDDIs in the ICU of an academic hospital.

DESIGN and METHODS

This study was conducted at the ICU department of the Amsterdam UMC (location AMC) in the Netherlands. Interrupted time series analysis was used to evaluate the effect of a CDSS. This CDSS generated pDDI alerts during prescribing. Data on medication administrations, pDDIs and pDDI alerts were gathered a year before and a year after implementation of the CDSS from April 2011 till April 2013. The primary outcome was the rate of serious pDDIs per 100 medication administrations. Secondary outcomes were the proportions of overridden pDDI alerts and monitoring actions related to pDDI alerts.

RESULTS

In total 2711 patients having 58.455 drugs administered were included. The rate of serious pDDIs did not significantly change after CDSS implementation (P = 0,098). The mean proportion of overridden pDDI alerts was high: 97% (total: 11.592 alerts). The mean proportion of pDDI alerts followed by a monitoring action varied between alert types (5,8-44,9%).

CONCLUSION

The implementation of a CDSS did not result in a decrease of serious pDDIs at the ICU. Lack of agreement on which pDDIs are clinically relevant for the ICU may explain our findings, since almost all alerts were overridden. Future research should focus on identifying which pDDIs are important in the ICU setting.

13 aug 2019

Melk is goed voor elk?

  • Rubriek:
    Referaat
  • Identificatie:
    2019;4:e1689
  • Auteur(s):
    Herman Vromans

Melk is goed voor elk?

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